FOCUS™ Global Fractionation kit is designed to fractionate complex biological samples into cytosolic and membrane fractions. The resulting membrane fractions are subsequently fractionated into either peripheral and integral membrane proteins or lipid raft associated proteins and detergent soluble membrane proteins.
Lipid rafts are membrane microdomains that are enriched in caveolin, cholesterol, glycolipids, sphingolipids and glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol. Lipid rafts are also known as detergent-insoluble glycolipid-enriched complexes (GEMs) or DIGs. Many signalling proteins, including glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins, doubly-acylated tyrosine kinases of the Src family, and transmembrane proteins, are located in lipid rafts. Lipid raft localised proteins have been shown to be involved in intracellular membrane trafficking and signalling.
FOCUS™ Global Fractionation kit is designed for >50 preps, where one prep is either 100 mg mammalian tissue, 50 µl wet animal cell pellet, 50 µl wet yeast pellet, 50 µl wet bacteria pellet, or 250 mg plant tissue.